Diet with gastritis: foods of childhood and fun, without a beer, barbecues, and cigarettes

Gastritis is called the disease of the century, which can be observed in 2/3 of the Country's population. Often the disease is asymptomatic, but depending on progression. Chronic gastritis may develop into gastric ulcer and even stomach cancer. A healthy diet — not the only one, but an important part of prevention and treatment of diseases of the digestive system. What is the recommended diet with gastritis: what you can and cannot eat patients to a gastroenterologist?

diet with gastritis

Classification and diagnosis

Gastritis has a complex, extensive classification. Doctors distinguish between gastritis according to etiology, localization of the inflammatory process, the degree of damage to the mucous membrane, the character of acid-forming function.

For example, the issue of erosive gastritis. When this inflammation of the mucous membrane of the stomach of the patient is not just inflamed — appearing surface defects, which contribute to the further ulceration. However, the erosion reaches the muscle layer of the stomach wall. Deeper defects that reaches the muscle layer, is already talking about the presence of gastric ulcers.

Diagnose inflammation of the stomach and correctly identify its type can only physician on the basis of special studies. Diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori infection is performed at endoscopic research and in the testing sample (biopsy) of the mucous membrane. Basically, patients call this procedure the "swallowing of the probe". Also there is a more modern and painless access, respiratory tests. This method is recommended for the diagnosis of infection, including, and in the body of the child.

A blood test that may be recommended to a patient with suspected inflammation of the stomach, is not a sufficient reason to confirm or refute the diagnosis. This study is informative only at 40-50%.

Characteristics and symptoms of

The Philistine is important to have an idea about the differences between acute and chronic forms of gastritis. It is necessary to "miss the boat" problem and in a timely manner, consult an expert.

The acute form

Acute gastritis is considered an acute inflammatory diseases of the stomach. It arises as a result of the action of various factors: mechanical, thermal, chemical, bacterial.

Thus, damage to gastric mucosa may cause spicy foods, alcohol, infection. And also a number of drugs. For example, aspirin or antibiotics. In the list of causes of acute gastritis — stress. It can manifest itself also in the background of other delegated illness. For example, an acute intestinal infection.

Symptoms of inflammation of the patient will notice during the first 12-24 hours after errors in diet or contact with another factor, which causes.

Symptoms of acute gastritis:

  • decreases appetite;
  • heaviness, or pain in the epigastrium — the upper part of the abdomen, the area captures the triangle between the ribs;
  • in the mouth is to feel a strange aftertaste;
  • nausea and vomiting;
  • there was the unpleasant belching;
  • twirls and headaches;
  • felt the decline of the forces;
  • the stool becomes liquid and frequent;
  • possible increase in temperature, but is usually not higher low-grade numbers.

Acute gastritis manifests itself suddenly, is characterized by clear symptoms, which quickly subsides. On average, bouts ending in the first 48 hours.

the chronic form of gastritis

The chronic form of the

This definition is given by the chronic and retidiviruuschem inflammation of the gastric mucosa. The peculiarity is that chronic gastritis is not necessarily manifested symptoms. But while in the gastric mucosa of the patient even occur specific structural changes.

The patient receives regular discomfort in the abdomen for the banal malaise. To facilitate the status, swallows advertised pills "from heaviness in the stomach". While it retains the usual rhythm of life, without the diagnosis of "gastritis".

This disease may not necessarily be the result of acute gastritis. On the contrary, doctors are more willing to consider the chronic inflammation of the stomach in a patient as a separate disease, which caused special bacteria.

Doctors are arguing about the symptoms and classification of this type of gastritis. Often complaints of patients do not correspond to the image that sticks on the basis of the results of endoscopic warehouse. In addition, chronic gastritis can be detected incidentally during diagnosis of other problems with the organs of digestion of the patient.

However, some of the characteristic symptoms of chronic gastritis can be distinguished:

  • epigastric pain or burning in the upper abdomen;
  • the feeling of fast saturation and overflow after a meal;
  • heartburn;
  • nausea;
  • increased flatulence in the upper abdomen;
  • belching;
  • a poor appetite.

On the background of chronic disease the patient may develop atrophic gastritis. This means that the mucous membrane ceases to synthesize the substances directly involved in digestion. The process of atrophy is irreversible, it belongs to precancerous conditions.

Healthy nutrition: 5 tips, gastroenterologist

Andrew Blows points out that the proper diet while inflammation plays an important, but not decisive role. Before adjust the diet of the patient, it is important to eliminate the cause of the disease. In individual cases, to the destruction of Helicobacter pylori infection the patient may set apart antibiotics. And here treatment should be prescribed only by a physician.

"How to eat with gastritis? Diet starts with changes in lifestyle of the patient. First. With gastritis important is the ban on smoking, consumption of strong and weak alcoholic drinks. In particular carbonated. Second. Strict adherence to the rules of personal hygiene. You need to monitor the cleanliness of hands, in the office and at home use their own cup, in time to change the toothbrush," recommends Andrew Vasilyevich.

As for the organization of the diet with gastritis, the doctor advise patients to follow five key rules.

  1. Fractional menu. Food with gastritis should be more frequent. But it should be small portions at regular intervals. The optimal variant: the patient to eat four to five times a day every three hours. The last meal — no later than 19:00. All food for patients with a diagnosis of "gastritis" should be well chewed.
  2. The processing of food. With gastritis products must be heat processed. Even vegetables and fruits in a raw finish — special case. Meat and fish doesn't eat the pieces. These products are separated from the bones, skin, tendons, and prepared in the form of cutlets, chops, cabbage.
  3. Cooking dishes. Patients with gastritis is prohibited is strongly hot or very cold foods. Food you can cook in the steam, boil or bake without a crust. Nothing fried, marinated, canned, salted in the diagnosis of "gastritis" cannot be. Porridge cooked in water or half milk, no butter. In addition, in the phase of exacerbation of gastritis and the fact that it has a distinctive clinical symptomatology is better to follow instructions for cooking foods which are prescribed therapeutic diet № 1. In particular food is preferable to consume in the scruffy form. Until the state of a souffle or pate products will complement the sieve, as well as in a blender. Table number 1 is usually assigned during exacerbation of peptic ulcer.
  4. Excessive drinking. With gastritis should drink a lot. In particular, the alkaline drinks without gas. Patients with gastritis suitable as water: "Essentuki", "Borjomi", "Mirgorod". If you want to remove carbon dioxide, a bottle of pop and are placed in a pan with warm water 20 minutes. This drink is helpful before meals. In addition to the medicinal water, with gastritis patients showing compotes from dry fruits and fresh fruits.
  5. The first food. Soups are obligatory in the diet of a patient with gastritis. However, preference is given to vegetarian prescription or second-third is not a fatty meat soup.

In many ways, this is diet diet with gastritis recalls the menu, recommended the children of the first years of life. This is not the place fat, fried and sweet. Meals are prepared without spices and with a minimum of aromatic spices. And facilitate the process of digestion, food is the maximum fell apart.

table 5

Why is it recommended by table № 5

Patients with chronic gastritis should follow the recommendations of the diet (therapeutic table), no. 5. Table number 5 is also called the liver because it contributes to improving the work of the same authority.

Food, which provides the fifth table with gastritis, on the background of drugs helps to relieve inflammation of the mucous membrane of the stomach, normalizes the work of organs of the digestive tract.

In this diet is the subspecies with the appropriate marking. Data options main menu updated under the patients with other diagnoses. For example, the table № 5p prescribe in acute pancreatitis or exacerbation of chronic pancreatitis. And diet № 5a, it is recommended to patients with diseases of the liver and gall bladder.

The fifth table advises and overweight patients for safe weight loss. This menu allows you to lead the figure in order to gradually, without compromising health. On such a diet man is hungry, feed on balanced. Patients, who have become hold of the fifth table, note the improvement in skin condition, hair and increase strength.

Diet with gastritis: sample diet for a week

In patients who follow a diet with gastritis, it is recommended to plan in advance the menu for the week with recipes. A clear plan will allow you to avoid harmful snacks. It's much easier when in the fridge of the patient harvested the necessary products. And the man knows how quickly they can prepare.

Listed below is a rough plan of weekly diet of the patient who gets the treatment of chronic gastritis. Such a menu is described in the books of clinical dietetics and treatment of eating.

Monday

  • Morning — 7:00. Oatmeal with an omelet from the egg whites. Tea.
  • Strengthening — 10:00. Baked apples.
  • Lunch — 13:00. Vegetable a non-fatty soups. Rice porridge with boiled chicken. The compote.
  • Strengthening — 16:00. Sweet biscuits. Drink from the hips.
  • Dinner — 18:30-19:00. Mashed potatoes with a slice of lean fish. Composer and bandleader pudding. Jelly.
  • For the night. A glass of low-fat yogurt.

Tuesday

  • Morning — 7:00. Meatball, cooked on steam. Boiled potatoes. Tea.
  • Strengthening — 10:00. Low-fat cottage cheese.
  • Lunch — 13:00. Soup with barley with vegetables. Buckwheat porridge with boiled meat. The compote.
  • Strengthening — 16:00. Sweet biscuits. The carrot juice.
  • Dinner — 18:30-19:00. Chicken meatballs, baked in the oven. Mashed potatoes on the water. Charlotte. Tea.
  • For the night — 21:00. A glass of low-fat yogurt.

Wednesday

  • Morning — 7:00. Rice porridge with meat or turkey. Tea with milk.
  • Strengthening — 10:00. Cheese casserole with low-fat sour cream.
  • Lunch — 13:00. Vegetable soup. Meatballs from the meat, rabbit, stewed with vegetable stew. The compote.
  • Strengthening — 16:00. Sweet biscuits. Drink from the hips.
  • Dinner — 18:30-19:00. Oatmeal for half the milk with chicken meatballs. The juice from fresh berries.
  • For the night — 21:00. A glass of low-fat yogurt.

Thursday

  • Morning — 7:00. Buckwheat porridge with protein scrambled eggs. Tea with milk.
  • Strengthening — 10:00. Jelly.
  • Lunch — 13:00. Vegetable soup. Chicken meatballs with mashed potatoes from boiled vegetables. The compote.
  • Strengthening — 16:00. Sweet biscuits. Compote of dried fruits.
  • Dinner — 18:30-19:00. Mashed potatoes on the water with boiled fish. Tea.
  • For the night — 21:00. A glass of low-fat yogurt.

Friday

  • Morning— 7:00. Boiled tongue. Semolina porridge half milk. Tea.
  • Strengthening — 10:00. Baked apple.
  • Lunch — 13:00. Vegetable soup with fine noodles. Mashed potatoes on the water with the boiled meat of the turkey. The compote.
  • Strengthening — 16:00. Not fatty biscuits. Drink from the hips.
  • Dinner — 18:30-19:00. Potatoes baked with a mass of minced meat. Tea.
  • For the night — 21:00. A glass of low-fat yogurt.
menu with gastritis

Saturday

  • Morning — 7:00. Meat souffle, baked in the oven. Oatmeal in half milk. Tea.
  • Strengthening — 10:00. Souffle carrot-apple.
  • Lunch — 13:00. Vegetable rice soup. Buckwheat porridge with steam cutlets from meat of a rabbit. Carrot-banana juice.
  • Strengthening — 16:00. Sweet biscuits. Tea.
  • Dinner — 18:30-19:00. Mashed potatoes on the water. Boiled fish. Drink from the hips.
  • For the night — 21:00. A glass of low-fat yogurt.

Sunday

  • Morning — 7:00. Oatmeal in half milk. Steam fish burgers from lean species of fish. Tea.
  • Strengthening — 10:00. Low fat-fresh cottage cheese. Baked apple.
  • Lunch — 13:00. Vegetable soup. Boiled potatoes. Beef stroganoff of beef. The compote.
  • Strengthening — 16:00. Sweet biscuits. Tea.
  • Dinner — 18:30-19:00. Fish, baked in the oven. A puree of cooked sugar. Tea.
  • For the night — 21:00. A glass of low-fat yogurt.

A similar diet is appointed as in gastritis in children, as well as during gastritis in adults. Exception — children under one year. Also an individual therapy prescribed for the pregnant patients and women in the lactation period. Here the diet may be extended, modified. It is important that the woman received maximum nutrients from food. Because no vitamins in tablets are not able to compete with natural products.

How much must adhere to the diet for gastritis? Strict supervision is required when sharpening and in the first months after. But in the ideal case is a patient with a diagnosis of "gastritis" is worth it to stick to the recommended table and in the time of remission. Although, the expansion of the menu and festive exceptions are possible. If only in reasonable limits, and if it is not about coffee, cigarettes, alcohol and fatty foods.